By Little Pro on 2016-01-06 Views: Update:2017-01-18
GHS hazard statement means a standard phrase assigned to a hazard class and category to describe the nature and severity of a chemical hazard. Each hazard statement is designated a code, starting with the letter H and followed by 3 digits.
It shall be noted that the H code is used for reference purpose only. It is the actual phrase which should appear on labels and safety data sheets.
H200: Unstable explosive
H201: Explosive; mass explosion hazard
H202: Explosive; severe projection hazard
H203: Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard
H204: Fire or projection hazard
H205: May mass explode in fire
H206: Fire, blast or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
H207: Fire or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
H208: Fire hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced
H220: Extremely flammable gas
H221: Flammable gas
H222: Extremely flammable aerosol
H223: Flammable aerosol
H224: Extremely flammable liquid and vapour
H225: Highly flammable liquid and vapour
H226: Flammable liquid and vapour
H227: Combustible liquid
H228: Flammable solid
H229: Pressurized container: may burst if heated
H230: May react explosively even in the absence of air
H231: May react explosively even in the absence of air at elevated pressure and/or temperature
H232: May ignite spontaneously if exposed to air
H240: Heating may cause an explosion
H241: Heating may cause a fire or explosion
H242: Heating may cause a fire
H250: Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air
H251: Self-heating; may catch fire
H252: Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire
H260: In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously
H261: In contact with water releases flammable gas
H270: May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer
H271: May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer
H272: May intensify fire; oxidizer
H280: Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
H281: Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury
H290: May be corrosive to metals
H300: Fatal if swallowed
H301: Toxic if swallowed
H302: Harmful if swallowed
H303: May be harmful if swallowed
H304: May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
H305: May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
H310: Fatal in contact with skin
H311: Toxic in contact with skin
H312: Harmful in contact with skin
H313: May be harmful in contact with skin
H314: Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
H315: Causes skin irritation
H316: Causes mild skin irritation
H317: May cause an allergic skin reaction
H318: Causes serious eye damage
H319: Causes serious eye irritation
H320: Causes eye irritation
H330: Fatal if inhaled
H331: Toxic if inhaled
H332: Harmful if inhaled
H333: May be harmful if inhaled
H334: May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled
H335: May cause respiratory irritation
H336: May cause drowsiness or dizziness
H340: May cause genetic defects
H341: Suspected of causing genetic defects
H350: May cause cancer
H351: Suspected of causing cancer
H360: May damage fertility or the unborn child
H361: Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
H361d: Suspected of damaging the unborn child
H362: May cause harm to breast-fed children
H370: Causes damage to organs
H371: May cause damage to organs
H372: Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
H373: May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
H400: Very toxic to aquatic life
H401: Toxic to aquatic life
H402: Harmful to aquatic life
H410: Very toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects
H411: Toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects
H412: Harmful to aquatic life with long-lasting effects
H413: May cause long-lasting harmful effects to aquatic life
H420: Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere
You have to determine the hazard class and hazard category of a chemical first. Once the classification of a chemical has been determined, signal word, hazard pictograms, hazard statements and precautionary statements will be assigned (see example below for flammable liquids).
It shall be noted that EU CLP regulation has kept many additional hazard statements which cannot be found in GHS. Those hazard statements can be found below:
EUH001: Explosive when dry.
EUH006: Explosive with or without contact with air.
EUH014: Reacts violently with water.
EUH018: In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.
EUH019: May form explosive peroxides.
EUH044: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.
EUH029: Contact with water liberates toxic gas.
EUH031: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.
EUH032: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
EUH066: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
EUH070: Toxic by eye contact.
EUH071: Corrosive to the respiratory tract.
EUH059: Hazardous to the ozone layer.
EUH201: Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children.
EUH201A: Warning! Contains lead.
EUH202: Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children.
EUH203: Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH204: Contains isocyanates. May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH205: Contains epoxy constituents. May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH206: Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine)
EUH207: Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions.
EUH208: Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH209: Can become highly flammable in use.
EUH209A: Can become flammable in use.
EUH210: Safety data sheet available on request.
EUH401: To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.
Click here to download hazard statements list in various EU languages.