>  Topics > China > RoHS

China

China RoHS 2 2016

By Little Pro on 2016-01-08 Views:  Update:2016-09-21

21 Jan 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) published its final revised version of the Administrative Measures for the Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products (known as China RoHS 2). The new regulation will come into force on 1 July 2016. In this article we will give you a brief introduction to China RoHS 2 and compare it with EU RoHS 2.

Scope of China RoHS 2

China RoHS 2 will expand product scope from electronic information products (EIP) to electrical and electronic products. The definition of electrical and electronic products has been added. They refer to the devices and accessory products with rated working electrical voltages that do not exceed 1500V direct current and do not exceed 1000V alternating current and function by means of current or electromagnetic fields and generate, transmit and measure such currents and electromagnetic fields.

A list of electrical and electronic products will be added to the catalogue of electrical and electronic products subject to compliance management. Products listed in the Catalogue are subject to mandatory compliance with hazardous substance restriction limits. Non-listed products or parts which contain certain hazardous substances exceeding above limits can still be sold in China. However, the affected products need to be marked. So far the Catalogue has not been released yet.

China RoHS 2 Restricted Substances

China RoHS 2 currently restricts the same 6 hazardous substances as EU RoHS 2 (refer to the table below). Detailed concentration limits are set by GB/T 26572 the requirements for concentration limits for certain restricted substances in electronic and electrical products.

Status Substances and Limits
Current Restrictions
  • Cadmium(Cd) and its compounds: 0.01%
  • Mercury and its compounds: 0.1%
  • Lead(Pb) and its compounds : 0.1%
  • Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) and its compounds: 0.1%
  • Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB): 0.1 %;
  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE): 0.1 %

It shall be noted that above maximum concentration values apply to each homogeneous material rather than a product itself. Right now, the limits only apply to products listed in the catalogue of electrical and electronic products subject to compliance management. Non-listed products or parts which contain certain hazardous substances exceeding above limits can still be sold in China. However, the affected products need to be marked. The names and content of the hazardous substances shall be disclosed.

China RoHS Marking

China RoHS 2 requires that all electronic and electrical products that are sold in the People’s Republic of China be marked with one of the following two logos depending on whether if they contain any hazardous substances.

China RoHS Marking

  • Green symbol with "e" in it: This product does not contain any hazardous substances and is a green environmentally friendly product which can be recycled;
  • Orange symbol with a number in it: This product contains certain hazardous substances and can be used safely during its environmental protection use period (as indicated by the number in the center) which should enter into the recycling system after its environmental protection use period.

If a product contains certain hazardous substances exceeding concentration limits, its environmental protection use period ((unit in years (a)) must be determined and marked. The date of manufacture shall also be indicated. In addition to that, manufacturers and importers shall provide the names and contents of hazardous substances in product instructions (not on marked on product itself) and mark them on the parts where they are contained by using the table below:

China RoHS 2

It shall be noted that above markings are only required for finished electrical and electronic products. Suppliers of materials and parts that are used to manufacture electronic and electrical products do not need to mark their products. However, they need to provide necessary information to their downstream users to help them determine the final China RoHS markings.

SJ/T 11364-2014 specifies detailed marking requirements for hazardous substances in electronic and electrical products, the environmental protection use period and recyclability. Once China RoHS 2 comes into force, SJ/T 11364-2014 will also become effective.

Additional Info about Environmental Protection Use Period

Environmental Protection Use Period refers to the period during which the hazardous substances contained in the electronic and electrical products will not leak or mutate suddenly under normal operating conditions and will not result in serious environmental pollution or cause serious bodily injury to the user or damage to their assets during the normal use by the user of the electrical and electronic products. It can be determined in accordance with SJ/Z 11388.

The date of manufacture is the start of environmental protection use period. The date of manufacture shall also be marked on the product and product packing. It shall be noted that there is no fixed format for marking the data of manufacture. Enterprises may mark product serial number or product barcode that includes the date of manufacture to comply with this requirement.

China RoHS 2 vs EU RoHS 2

Items China RoHS 2 EU RoHS 2
Scope
  • China: Listed electronic and electrical products;
  • EU: All electronic and electrical products except those that are exempt;
Restricted Substances
  • China: 6 substances;
Marking
  • China: China RoHS mark; ?
  • Environmental Protection Use Period shall be indicated; ?
  • The content and names of hazardous substances need to be disclosed in product instructions;
  • EU: CE Mark + WEEE Mark;
Conformity Assessment
  • China: Applies to products listed in the Catalogue; 
  • Compulsory testing by a third party lab required;
  • EU: Self-declaration accepted.

Note: EU RoHS compliance is not equal to China RoHS compliance. Many electronic and electrical products/components which qualify EU RoHS exemptions are not exempt under China RoHS. Companies need to disclose hazardous substances in those products or components. An example of China RoHS disclosure can be found here.Please be noted that the quoted standards have been updated.

RoHS in Other Countries

Country Summary & Reference
China
  • China RoHS 1.0: The Measures for the Administration of the Control and Electronic Information Products (2006);
  • Applicable to products listed in the catalogue of electrical and electronic products;
  • Restricts the same 6 hazardous substances as EU RoHS 2.0;
  • Additional RoHS labelling requirements set by SJ/T 11364-2014;
  • China RoHS 2.0: The Administrative Measures for the Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products (Being drafted).
  • More info about China RoHS 2.0.
Japan
  • Japan RoHS: JIS C 0950 The marking for presence of the specific chemical substances for electrical and electronic equipment;
  • Applicable to 7 types of electrical and electronic products;
  • Mandatory disclosure and labeling if the content of 6 hazardous substances exceeds certain limits;
  • Read more about Japan RoHS
Korea
  • Korea RoHS: The Act for Resource Recycling of Electrical and Electronic Equipment and Vehicles (2007);
  • Korea's version of the RoHS, WEE and ELV directives;
  • Restricts the same 6 hazardous substances as EU RoHS 2.0;
  • More info about Korean RoHS
Taiwan
  • Taiwan RoHS:CNS 15663 Guidance to reduction of the restricted chemical substances in electrical and electronic equipment;
  • Voluntary national standard restricting the same 6 hazardous substances;
  • Sets its own hazardous substance marking requirement.
  • More info about Taiwan RoHS
Singapore
  • SG RoHS: Amended Environmental Protection and Management Act (2016) ;
  • Restricts the same 6 hazardous substances as EU RoHS 2.0;
  • More info about Singapore RoHS.
USA
  • No federal RoHS-style legislation;
  • California's Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 (EWRA) prohibits the sale of some electronic devices after January 1, 2007, that are prohibited from being sold under the EU RoHS directive;
  • The substances restricted are "certain heavy metals," specifically lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium;
  • Reference

Reference & Resources

 

 Tags: Topics - ChinaRoHS

Sponsored Content

Related Topics