By Little Pro on 2016-11-14 Views: Update:2017-01-18
As Indonesia is close to finalizing their revised chemicals regulation (Chemical Watch news, Nov 2016), we would like to give you a brief introduction to how industrial chemicals are currently regulated in Indonesia and what expected changes are.
There are a number of chemical regulations governing industrial chemicals in Indonesia. The most important regulation is Government Regulation Number 74 year 2001 regarding Hazardous and Toxic Material Management. It is also the regulation that is being revised. Since hazardous and toxic material is called Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun (abbreviated as B3) in Indonesian local language Bahasa, the government regulation number 74 is often called B3 management regulation.
Indonesia's chemical management focuses on the management of hazardous chemical substances only. Hazardous substance (B3) is substance/material which its nature or and its amount and or its concentration, either directly or indirectly, can pollute or damage the environment, and or may endanger the environment, human health, and survival of human beings as well as other life.
To be more specific, a substance may be regarded as B3 if it is explosive, oxidizing, extremely flammable, highly flammable, flammable, extremely toxic, highly toxic, moderately toxic, harmful, corrosive, irritant, dangerous to the environment, carcinogenic, teratogenic, or mutagenic. [Note: More GHS building blocks such as specific target organ toxicity will be included when B3 regulation is revised, leading to broader B3 definition.]
However, the following chemicals are out of scope of B3 management regulation.
Certain hazardous substances are listed in annexes to B3 management regulation and subject to various registration and notification requirements.
Hazardous and toxic materials (B3) are divided into 3 categories and there are different requirements for each category.
|Usable hazardous and toxic substances||
|Limited use hazardous substances||
|Banned hazardous substances||
The differences between registration and notification are listed as follows:
Registrations shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry via an electronic registration system. So far, only limited info such as substance identity, business license, tax identification info, MSDSs, certificate of analysis, and photo of warehouses are required.
Indonesia has adopted GHS for both industrial chemicals and pesticides since 2010. SDSs and labels for hazardous and toxic materials need to be GHS compliant. More info about GHS in Indonesia can be found here.