By Little Pro on 2015-12-29 Views: Update:2017-04-14
Having all chemical substances listed on Chinese existing substance inventory IECSC does not mean compliance. Lots of existing chemicals are also subject to registrations, reporting and import/export control. Chinese chemical regulatory system is very complex mainly because too many authorities are involved. An easier way to understand how a chemical is regulated in China is to look at which type of chemical it belongs to and which list it is on. In this article, we will give you an introduction to the definition of different types of regulated chemicals in China and how they are controlled.
A new substance is defined as a substance other than those listed on the Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances Produced or Imported in China (IECSC). China implements a pre-market notification system for new substances.
The Measures for Environmental Administration of New Chemical Substances (China MEP Order 7) requires that manufacturers and importers submit new substance notifications and obtain approvals from the Solid Waste and Chemical Management Centre of China MEP (MEP-SCC) prior to production or importation. This notification requirement not only applies to a new substance on its own, but also applies to a new substance in a mixture.
Hazardous chemicals are mainly controlled by State Council Decree 591 Regulations on Safe Management of Hazardous Chemicals issued in 2011 and many department rules.
In Decree 591, hazardous chemicals are defined as highly toxic chemicals and other chemicals which are toxic, corrosive, explosive, flammable and do harm to human body, facilities and environment. All chemicals meeting GHS hazard classification criteria may fall within its scope.
Among all hazardous chemicals placed on Chinese market, more than 2,800 chemicals have been added to the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals (2015). This Catalogue is an administrative license Catalogue which means that businesses who handle hazardous chemicals in the Catalogue are subject to various license requirements.
In addition to the license requirements, Decree 591 require businesses who handle hazardous chemicals in China to submit HazChem registrations and provide SDSs and labels prepared in accordance with relevant China GHS standards.
Highly toxic chemicals are defined as chemicals with high acute toxicity (usually GHS Acute Toxicity Category 1). Those chemicals can be lethal even in very small quantities. If illegally used as poisons, they could pose a big threat to public security. Examples of such chemicals include sodium cyanide.
The Ministry of Public Security (MPS), the principle police authority in China, used to maintain a separate List of Highly Toxic Chemicals. This list has recently been incorporated into the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals (2015). Highly toxic chemicals are now marked as “剧毒” in the note column of the Catalogue.
Highly toxic chemicals are subject to additional security and reporting requirements on storage, sales and purchase.
Explosive precursors are certain chemicals which can be used in the illicit manufacture of explosives. Those chemicals need to be controlled to reduce the risks of misuse by terrorists and protect public security.
In China, explosives precursors are mainly regulated by State Council Decree 591 Regulations on Safe Management of Hazardous Chemicals. This regulation establishes a much tighter regulatory regime for explosives precursors than regular hazardous chemicals and sets additional requirements on the storage, purchase and sales of explosives precursors.
The Catalogue of PHCs and China MEP order 22 were revoked on 15 July 2016 (source).
The list of toxic chemicals severely restricted from import/export in China is promulgated by China MEP based on the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade. It is the official PIC list in China.
There are currently 162 types of chemicals in the list of toxic chemicals severely restricted from import/export. Examples include ethylene oxide, sodium cyanide, PFOS and its salts, mercury and Nonyl Phenol, PCBs and PCTs.
Companies who intend to export or import toxic chemicals on the “List of toxic chemicals severely restricted to be imported into or exported from China” shall apply for registration certificates or custom clearance notification from the Solid Waste and Chemical Management Center of China MEP (MEP-SCC) prior to export and import.
In addition that, most of restricted toxic chemicals are included in the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals, they are subject to production/operation/safe use license requirements and HazChem registration requirements under Decree 591.
Drug precursors are certain chemicals which can be used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Examples of such chemicals include acetic anhydride, acetone, hydrochloric acid, and sulfuric acid.
China has ratified the UN Convention on Drug Precursors. Precursor chemicals are subject to strict license requirements on production, sales, purchase and transportation in China. In addition to that, China implements a pre-import and pre-export notification system for dual-use precursor chemicals.
Chemical weapons precursors are certain toxic chemicals and their precursors which can be used in the illicit manufacture of chemical weapons. Examples of such chemicals include sodium cyanide, phosgene and many organic compounds containing the elements Phosphorus, Sulphur or Flourine. In China, those chemical weapons precursors are called controlled chemicals.
China has ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) since 1997 and imposed strict license and declaration obligations on companies who produce, trade, use, import and export controlled chemicals.