Little Pro on 2015-12-29
Highly toxic chemicals are defined as chemicals with high acute toxicity (usually GHS Acute Toxicity Category 1). Those chemicals can be lethal even in very small quantities. If illegally used as poisons, they could pose a big threat to public security. Examples of such chemicals include sodium cyanide.
In China, highly toxic chemicals are mainly regulated by the following administrative regulations:
The above regulations establish a much tighter regulatory regime for highly toxic chemical than regular hazardous chemicals in China and set additional requirements on the storage, purchase and sales of highly toxic chemicals.
The Ministry of Public Security (MPS), the principle police authority in China, used to maintain a separate List of Highly Toxic Chemicals. This list has recently been incorporated into the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals (2015). Highly toxic chemicals are now marked as “剧毒” in the note column of the Catalogue.
There are currently 148 highly toxic chemicals in the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals (2015). You can search the Catalogue by Chinese name or CAS number.
Since highly toxic chemicals are also hazardous chemicals included in the Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals, they are subject to production/operation/safe use license requirements and HazChem registration requirements under Decree 591. In addition to that, they are subject to additional security and reporting requirements on storage, sales and purchase. Here we will only summarize the extra requirements for highly toxic chemicals:
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