By Little Pro on 2016-01-05 Views: Update:2017-01-18
Thailand is currently amending its Hazardous Substance Act. In this article, we will help you understand how chemicals are regulated in Thailand under the current Hazardous Substance Act and what the proposed changes are.
The current Hazardous Substance Act B.E. 2535 was issued in 1992. It is the most important chemical control law in Thailand with a purpose of protecting human health and our environment. The Act promulgates lists of hazardous substances for particular conditions of use in agriculture, public health, personal consumables and household products and classifies them into 4 types according to the needs for control.
By definition, a hazardous substance means any of the following substances:
Due to the diverse characteristics and uses of hazardous substances, the Hazardous Substances Act is not enforced by one agency. Three ministries, namely the Ministry of Industry (MOT), the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, and the Ministry of Public Health are directly involved in the control of hazardous substances. Other ministries such as the Minister of National Resources and Environment, the Minister of Energy, and the Minister of Interior, the Minister of Science and Technology are also involved.
The current Hazardous Substances List in Thailand contains over 1,500 entries covering various chemicals that are controlled by various ministries (including pesticides and biocides). This list is issued and maintained by the Ministry of Industry (MOT). There are 4 types of hazardous substances. Each type of hazardous substance is subject to different regulatory controls such as registration or license.
Since 19 Feb 2015, manufacturers and importers of hazardous substances exceeding 1 ton per year are now required to notify their hazardous substances to the Department of Industrial Works (DIW) via DIW's online system. Such as a notification shall be submitted only once within 60 days from the date of manufacture or importation. This notification is only required for hazardous substances listed in annex 5.6 of Thailand Hazardous Substances List that DIW is responsible for.
Any person who produces or imports type 2 or type 3 hazardous substances shall submit an application for registration of such hazardous substance to the Department of Industrial Works (DIW) of MOT, or to other authorities designated by MOT.
The following info is required;
To apply for a certificate of registration of a mixture of two or more hazardous substances, an applicant shall submit the documentation relating to the mixture.
Detailed registration procedure can be found in MOT's Notice B.E. 2543. The English version of this notice is available from resource & reference section.
No person shall produce, import or export, or have in possession of type 3 hazardous substances without license granted by the competent authority. This license is valid for 3 years.
The draft version of amended Hazardous Substance Act was published in July 2013 for public consultation. The following changes have been proposed:
The draft version of amended Hazardous Substance Act can also be found in resource and reference section.
Thailand has already implemented GHS through the Hazardous Substance Act and Hazard Classification and Communication System of Hazardous Substances B.E. 2555 (2012). GHS SDSs and labels are required for hazardous substances from 13 March 2013 and for mixtures from 13 March 2017.
Click here to access all references and resources for Thailand including the English translation of regulations, regulatory lists and useful links to the websites of competent authorities.