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Introduction to ICAO Technical Instructions and IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)

Little Pro on 2018-05-15

International transport of dangerous goods by air is regulated by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Technical Instructions at government level and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) at the industry level. Since IATA DGR has included all ICAO technical instructions for dangerous oods, it is generally acknolweged that compliance with the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations will result in compliance with the ICAO Technical Instructions. If your products are classified as dangerous goods and would like to ship them by air, you must comply with the provisions in the ICAO Technical Instructions or the IATA DGR.

ICAO Technical Instructions

The full name of ICAO technical instructions is Technical Instructions For The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Doc 9284). The broad principles governing the international transport of dangerous goods by air are contained in Annex 18 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation —The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. The Technical Instructions amplify the basic provisions of Annex 18 and contain all the detailed instructions necessary for the safe international transport of dangerous goods by air.

ICAO  Technical Instructions Dangerous Goods

The ICAO technical instructions are updated on a yearly basis. To access all historical amendments, please click the link below.

It should be noted that the full text of the ICAO technical instructions is not free of charge. If you wish to purchase the documents, please contact:

  • International Civil Aviation Organization (IACO)
  • 999 Robert-Bourassa Boulevard
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Canada H3C 5H7
  • E-mail:   Sales@icao.int

IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)

IATA works closely with local governments and ICAO in the development of dangerous goods regulations (DGR). The IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR)  manual is the global reference for shipping dangerous goods by air. The latest version of the IATA DGR is the 59th edition issued in 2018.

IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations

IATA DGR is not free of charge either. To purchase the document, you may contact custserv@iata.org or buy it on Amazon.

How to Learn the ICAO/IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations

The provisions in the ICAO technical instructions and IATA DGR are based on the 'UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods’, known as the ‘Model Regulations’, a document that provides a framework of rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods by all modes – air, road and rail as well as sea. If you are new in dangerous goods regulations, it is strongly recommended that you read the UN Model Regulations first.

The UN Model regulation has detailed the general principles of dangerous good classification,labelling, marking, placarding, documentation, and dangerous goods list. Those principles and requirements apply to all modes of dangerous goods transport (i.e., road, sea, air).

If you wish to be a professional in the air transport of dangerous goods, it is recommended that you attend professional training courses and get yourself certified. 

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 Tags: Topics - TDGDangerous Goods