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GHS Precautionary Statement List

By Little Pro on 2016-01-06 Views:  Update:2016-02-17

GHS precautionary statement means a standard phrase that describes measures to minimize or prevent adverse effects of a chemical. Each precautionary statement is designated a code, starting with the letter P and followed by 3 digits.

  • P1xx: general precautionary statement;
  • P2xx: prevention precautionary statement;
  • P3xx: response precautionary statement;
  • P4xx: storage precautionary statement;
  • P5xx: disposal precautionary statement;

It shall be noted that the P code is used for reference purpose only. It is the actual phrase which should appear on labels and safety data sheets.

List of GHS Precautionary Statements and P Codes

P101: If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.

P102: Keep out of reach of children.

P103: Read label before use.

P201: Obtain special instructions before use.

P202: Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P210: Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.

P211: Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.

P220: Keep/Store away from clothing/.../combustible materials.

P221: Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles...

P222: Do not allow contact with air.

P223: Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.

P230: Keep wetted with...

P231: Handle under inert gas.

P232: Protect from moisture.

P233: Keep container tightly closed.

P234: Keep only in original container.

P235: Keep cool.

P240: Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

P241: Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.

P242: Use only non-sparking tools.

P243: Take precautionary measures against static discharge.

P244: Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil.

P250: Do not subject to grinding/shock/.../friction.

P251: Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.

P260: Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261: Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P262: Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

P263: Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.

P264: Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270: Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P271: Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P272: Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P273: Avoid release to the environment.

P280: Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P281: Use personal protective equipment as required.

P282: Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.

P283: Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.

P284: Wear respiratory protection.

P285: In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

P231 + P232: Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.

P235 + P410: Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.

P301: IF SWALLOWED:

P302: IF ON SKIN:

P303: IF ON SKIN (or hair):

P304: IF INHALED:

P305: IF IN EYES:

P306: IF ON CLOTHING:

P307: IF exposed:

P308: IF exposed or concerned:

P309: IF exposed or if you feel unwell:

P310: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P311: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P312: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P313: Get medical advice/attention.

P314: Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

P315: Get immediate medical advice/attention.

P320: Specific treatment is urgent (see ... on this label).

P321: Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

P322: Specific measures (see ... on this label).

P330: Rinse mouth.

P331: Do NOT induce vomiting.

P332: If skin irritation occurs:

P333: If skin irritation or rash occurs:

P334: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.

P335: Brush off loose particles from skin.

P336: Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do no rub affected area.

P337: If eye irritation persists:

P338: Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P340: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P341: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P342: If experiencing respiratory symptoms:

P350: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.

P351: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.

P352: Wash with plenty of soap and water.

P353: Rinse skin with water/shower.

P360: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P361: Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

P362: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.

P363: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P370: In case of fire:

P371: In case of major fire and large quantities:

P372: Explosion risk in case of fire.

P373: DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.

P374: Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.

P375: Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P376: Stop leak if safe to do so.

P377: Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.

P378: Use ... for extinction.

P380: Evacuate area.

P381: Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.

P390: Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.

P391: Collect spillage.

P301 + P310: IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P301 + P312: IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

P301 +P330 + P331: IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P302 + P334: IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.

P302 + P350: IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.

P302 + P352: IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.

P303 + P361 + P353: IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.

P304 + P340: IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P304 + P341: IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P305 + P351 + P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P306 + P360: IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P307 + P311: IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P308 + P313: IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P309 + P311: IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P332 + P313: If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P333 + P313: If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P335 + P334: Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.

P337 + P313: If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P342 + P311: If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P370 + P376: In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.

P370 + P378: In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.

P370 + P380: In case of fire: Evacuate area.

P370 + P380 + P375: In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P371 + P380 + P375: In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

P401: Store ...

P402: Store in a dry place.

P403: Store in a well-ventilated place.

P404: Store in a closed container.

P405: Store locked up.

P406: Store in corrosive resistant/... container with a resistant inner liner.

P407: Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets.

P410: Protect from sunlight.

P411: Store at temperatures not exceeding ... oC/...oF.

P412: Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 oC/122oF.

P413: Store bulk masses greater than ... kg/... lbs at temperatures not exceeding ... oC/...oF.

P420: Store away from other materials.

P422: Store contents under...

P402 + P404: Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.

P403 + P233: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P403 + P235: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

P410 + P403: Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

P410 + P412: Protect from sunlight. Do no expose to temperatures exceeding 50 celcius degress.

P411 + P235: Store at temperatures not exceeding ...Keep cool.

P501: Dispose of contents/container to...

How to Determine GHS Precautionary Statements for A Chemical

You have to determine the hazard class and hazard category of a chemical first. Once the classification of a chemical has been determined, signal word, hazard pictograms, hazard statements and precautionary statements will be assigned (see example below for flammable liquids).

GHS Precautionary Statement List

 

 Tags: Topics - GHSGHS and Hazard Communication

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