GHS

GHS Precautionary Statement List

Little Pro on 2016-01-06 Views:  Update:2018-04-02

GHS precautionary statement means a standard phrase that describes measures to minimize or prevent adverse effects of a chemical. Each precautionary statement is designated a code, starting with the letter P and followed by 3 digits.

  • P1xx: general precautionary statement;
  • P2xx: prevention precautionary statement;
  • P3xx: response precautionary statement;
  • P4xx: storage precautionary statement;
  • P5xx: disposal precautionary statement;

It shall be noted that the P code is used for reference purpose only. It is the actual phrase which should appear on labels and safety data sheets.

List of GHS Precautionary Statements and P Codes

General Precautionary Statements

P101 If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102 Keep out of reach of children.
P103 Read label before use

Prevention Precautionary Statements

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat, hot surface, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. - No smoking.
P211 Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P212 Avoid heating under confinement or reduction of the desensitized agent.
P220 Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/...
P222 Do not allow contact with air.
P223 Do not allow contact with water.
P230 Keep wetted with ...
P231 Handle under inert gas.
P232 Protect from moisture.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P234 Keep only in original container.
P235 Keep cool.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../] equipment.
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P244 Keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease.
P250 Do not subject to grinding/shock/friction/...
P251 Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263 Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P282 Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
P283 Wear fire resistant or flame retardant clothing.
P284 [In case of inadequate ventilation] Wear respiratory protection.
P285 In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas/... Protect from moisture.
P235+P410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.

Response Precautionary Statements

P301 IF SWALLOWED:
P302 IF ON SKIN:
P303 IF ON SKIN (or hair):
P304 IF INHALED:
P305 IF IN EYES:
P306 IF ON CLOTHING:
P307 IF exposed:
P308 IF exposed or concerned:
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/...
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/... if you feel unwell.
P313 Get medical advice/attention.
P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P315 Get immediate medical advice/attention.
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see ... on this label).
P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).
P322 Specific measures (see ...on this label).
P330 Rinse mouth.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P332 IF SKIN irritation occurs:
P333 If skin irritation or rash occurs:
P334 Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P335 Brush off loose particles from skin.
P336 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area.
P337 If eye irritation persists:
P338 Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P340 Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P341 If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P342 If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
P350 Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
P352 Wash with plenty of water/...
P353 Rinse skin with water [or shower].
P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P361 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P362 Take off contaminated clothing.
P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P364 And wash it before reuse.[Added in 2015 version]
P370 In case of fire:
P371 In case of major fire and large quantities:
P372 Explosion risk.
P373 DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
P374 Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.
P376 Stop leak if safe to do so.
P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P378 Use ... to extinguish.
P380 Evacuate area.
P381 In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.
P390 Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P391 Collect spillage.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER/doctor/... IF you feel unwell.
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302+P334 IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P302+P335+P334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P302+P350 IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of water.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water [or shower].
P304+P312 IF INHALED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/... if you feel unwell.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P304+P341 IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do - continue rinsing.
P306+P360 IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse Immediately contaminated CLOTHING and SKIN with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P307+P311 IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P308+P311 IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P309+P311 IF exposed or if you feel unwell: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P332+P313 IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P333+P313 IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P335+P334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P342+P311 IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
P361+P364 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P370+P376 in case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.
P370+P380 In case of fire: Evacuate area.
P370+P380+P375 In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371+P380+P375 In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

Storage Precautionary Statements

P401 Store in accordance with ...
P402 Store in a dry place.
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.
P404 Store in a closed container.
P405 Store locked up.
P406 Store in corrosive resistant/... container with a resistant inner liner.
P407 Maintain air gap between stacks or pallets.
P410 Protect from sunlight.
P411 Store at temperatures not exceeding ... °C/...°F.
P412 Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/ 122 °F.
P413 Store bulk masses greater than ... kg/...lbs at temperatures not exceeding ... °C/...°F.
P420 Store separately.
P422 Store contents under ...
P402+P404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410+P412 Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122°F.
P411+P235 Store at temperatures not exceeding ... °C/...°F. Keep cool.

Disposal Precautionary Statements

P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...
P502 Refer to manufacturer or supplier for information on recovery or recycling

How to Determine GHS Precautionary Statements for A Chemical

You have to determine the hazard class and hazard category of a chemical first. Once the classification of a chemical has been determined, signal word, hazard pictograms, hazard statements and precautionary statements will be assigned (see example below for flammable liquids).

GHS Precautionary Statement List

Having Questions?

We do not provide consultancy services. If you have questions or need any help, please contact our sponsor. You may also find an expert in CSP business directory below. If you are a consultant, you may get yourself listed in CSP business directory (free) or sponsor this page to leave your contact info here and get direct customer inquiries.

 Tags: Topics - GHSGHS Basics and Tutorials

Hot Articles