By Little Pro on 2016-06-21 Views: Update:2018-02-09
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are well-known to be hazardous for human health and the environment. Many of them are classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic in the categories 1A, 1B, or 2 according to the CLP Regulation (EC 1272/2008). As very common environmental contaminants, PAHs can be found in a number of consumer products and are restricted due to their high concerns.
PAHs are included in REACH Annex XVII restricted substances list. 8 PAHs are restricted in tyres/extender oils, articles supplied to the general public and children's articles. The 8 PAHs are:
The restriction conditions are listed as follows:
|Tyres and extender oils||<=1 mg/kg BaP, or, <= 10 mg/kg of the sum of all listed PAHs.|
Articles supplied to the general public if any of their rubber or plastic components that come into direct as well as prolonged or short-term repetitive contact with the human skin or the oral cavity.
|<=1 mg/kg of any of the listed PAHs.|
Toys and children's articles
|<=0.5 mg/kg of any of the listed PAHs.|
In 2014, the Product Safety Commission (AfPS) in Germany has set the new requirements of PAH testing in the course of GS mark certification in AfPS GS 2014:01 PAK. The new standard restricts 18 PAHs in articles and consumer products. The restriction limits can be found in the table below.