Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

Little Pro on 2016-01-07

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal is an international treaty aiming to protect human protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes. The convention was adopted on 22 March 1989 and entered into force on 5 May 1992. More than 180 states have become parties to the Convention.

Definition of Hazardous Wastes

The Convention covers a wide range of wastes defined as "hazardous wastes" based on their origin and/or composition and their characteristics, as well as two types of wastes defined as "other wastes" - household waste and incinerator ash.

Main Provisions of the Basel Convention

The Convention places a general prohibition on the exportation or importation of hazardous wastes between Parties and non-Parties.

While the transboundary movements of hazardous wastes among the parties are allowed, the convention requires that, before an export may take place, the authorities of the State of export notify the authorities of the prospective States of import and transit, providing them with detailed information on the intended movement. The movement may only proceed if and when all States concerned have given their written consent.

Impacts of the Basel Convention

Compared to other chemical conventions restricting the supply and use of certain chemical substances, the Basel Convention only controls the transfer and disposal of hazardous wastes. If your products are not wastes, you can skip this Convention.

Reference & Resource

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